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The history of the Volkswagen Golf GTi

Golf GTi MkVII 2013 Rear View

Published at Monday, March 14th 2016, 04:41:44 AM by Leonard J. Martinez. Volkswagen.

As early review the history of Golf "plain" now it's the turn of the mythical version that gave rise to a generic name for hot-hatchbacks: GTi. As it is a very special model a separate chapter and then he deserved you will read completely.

Before starting a truism. The Volkswagen Golf was not the first to use the acronym "GTi". The pioneer in this regard was the Maserati 3500 GTi in 1961 as an acronym for "Grand Tourer Injection" or "Gran Turismo Injection" if we had the Castilian.

However it was not until 1974 that the GTi acronym did not take all the dimensions that today we give with the appearance of Golf GTi Mk1. Why? Simply because this variant was the one who popularized the concept of "hot-hatchback" or to explain a little anglicized a sports variant of a popular model such as the Golf or later in 1984 in the case of Peugeot 205 GTi.

So the father of the most fun cars being the thinner pocket can access the Golf GTi deserves a place in every heart petrolhead. So today in carsnight will surrender this small tribute / deserved historical review.

Indeed at the offices of who writes is a replica of the GTi Mk1 white (the same) brought especially from the Autostadt (see note) because it was almost a crime not bring one still there. Aside from this them up with history review shall we?

Golf GTi MkI (1976-1984)

The first Golf GTi nation in 1976 ie two years later the commercial launch of the "normal" Golf. It was developed under the name "Project Sport-Golf" and those responsible for it were Anton Konrad former Head of Public Relations for VW and Alfons Löwenberg an engineer eager to do a sport for the masses.

The development took place almost at the back of the board of the brand which had not approved the draft R & D presented by Konrad and Löwenberg. However the project continued and on the basis of conventional Golf was lowered by 20 mm suspension they added Recaro seats with the known fabric "Interlagos" checked a wall red on the grid the knob selector emulating a golf ball and a 1.6 injected with 110 horsepower which borrowed from the Audi 80 GTE released the same year.

Interestingly the decision to use this drive came from an invitation of the then head of the area of R & D from Audi Ferdinand Piëch now CEO of Volkswagen Group Konrad to test 80 AWG. This told his project to Piëch and sympathy we provided 5000 drivers of this model so they could produce the first series that would later become the Mk1 Golf GTi. After the move Piëch inform the Chairman of the Board Toni Schmücker put to the vote the approval of the "Sport-Golf" by such advice and the rest is history.

The first GTi had a series of improvements before it reached the second generation. In 1979 he added the manual five-speed -the first had a four- from 1981 appeared GTi hatchback and in 1982 production started with the engine of 1.8 liters 115 hp erogaba. In 1983 special edition "Pirelli GTi" equipped with the classic 1.6-emerged but improved with 112 hp. This version is now a piece of maximum value to collectors as the last of the "purest" GTi.

Golf GTi MkII (1984-1990)

The second generation GTi first appeared in 1984 with a 1.8-liter 112 horsepower and mechanical injection which gave way to electronic fuel injection in 1987. Facing the first GTi we were here with a more mature product less radical and rather more focused on a fast walk but both comfortable. In turn the second generation of the Golf GTi now be expanded for the first time with more technology.

In 1985 he would live the GTi 16v version which had a 1.8 dual overhead cams and 139 hp. those who lose 10 HP later due to the addition of the catalyst the product of anti-pollution regulations then in Europe. The 112 hp 1.8 also went through this and remained with 109 hp. However the performance version with 16 valves was significantly higher than that of the eight valves. The GTi 16v took 8.4 seconds to accelerate from 0-100 km / h while the delayed 8v 9.7 seconds. In turn achieved a top speed of 209 km / h.

But the rules would not stop the GTi. In 1990 the final year for the second generation model Volkswagen introduced GTi Mk2 G60 the production version hitherto most powerful series. It was equipped with a 1.8 16v turbocharged providing a maximum power of 160 hp. And despite having the catalyst Lambda probe controlled by regulations requiring the G60 like a top speed of 220 km / h or what is the same "long" for a car of this size by then.

MkIII Golf GTi (1991-1996)

Already a million Golf's GTi produced in 1991 he was given birth to the third evolution of the product now endowed with a body of C segment itself and also much more powerful than the original GTi and security levels substantially higher mechanical incorporating ABS brakes or airbags.

The range of third generation GTi partitioned with three mechanical options. The first was a four-cylinder 2.0 with eight valves and 115 horsepower. In 1993 the 2.0 liter 16-valve added passed to disburse 150 hp. In turn in some markets like the US the GTi VR6 sold in configuration the first six-cylinder would have a compact at the time. It featured a 174 hp 2.8 engine which will be later in the offer would add 2.9 to 190 hp and AWD Syncro.

On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the launch of the first Golf GTi he was released a commemorative edition called "20 Jahre GTi". This is distinguished from the rest of the Golf GTI by its checkered upholstery with red stitching leather-wrapped steering wheel with red stitching knob shifter shaped golf ball GTi logo in red wrapped hand brake leather with red stitching and seat belts in red.

On the outside this limited edition has red applique bumpers alloy wheels and two-piece BBS 16 "with 215/40 R16 tires. With the arrival of the Golf IV in 1996 the GTi also renewed the following year.

MkIV Golf GTi (1997-2004)

With the introduction of the Golf IV also introduced to the market a new generation of the Golf GTi to different markets. However unlike previous models this was a more discreet and less different from the rest GTi which is the least preferred of enthusiastic if we look at the seven evolutions.

Distinguished externally by BBS alloy wheels 16 "two-piece and indoors for their questionable sconces maple inside as well as the Recaro sports front seats as standard equipment.

The range of engines as in the MkIII was quite broad and included both mechanical nafteras as turbodiesel. The GTD were all 1.9 TDI with outputs of 110 115 130 and 150 hp.

The naphtha therefore had turbocharged 1.8 drivers with 20 valves and 150 or 180 hp while the top of the range appeared the GTi V5 (also called VR5) with a five-cylinder engine with "V" born of VR6 above with two cylinders on a bench and three in the other. There were two versions October 1 valves with 150 hp and one with 20 170 erogaba cv.

Special Edition "GTi 25th Anniversary" presenting a sportier than the conventional MkIV aesthetic appears in 2001. He wore baffles and exterior sills headlights with black mask and alloy wheels BBS 18 "polished finish Recaro sport seats with logo printed GTi red stitching and classic knob shifter ball shaped golf.

MkV Golf GTi (2005-2008)

The GTi MkV is known to be responsible for giving life back to the product after the IV which as I said was accused of having "little blood" to the point that the fourth Golf is remembered as the sportiest the first R32 wearing a 3.2 V6 with 241 horsepower not the GTi.

With this new generation Volkswagen sought to return to the roots of the Mk1 but with a product like the Golf V expressing be in their most perfect ripeness history. It was the referent of the C segment and nothing better than this letter to build a sports variant.

This fifth evolution gave birth to the popular drive 2.0 TFSI Volkswagen Group. By then I had 200 hp and 280 Nm of torque obtained from a block of two liters with turbocharging direct injection and intercooler. MkV GTi also gave rise to the Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG) transmission with two clutches.

The aesthetic section was using a discrete package but far less than that shown in the MkIV. The grill was different with a type honeycomb pattern turned her around her red line and alloy wheels again developed by BBS they were 17 or 18 inches in option and had in his rear brake calipers red color.

In November 2006 Volkswagen Golf GTi introduced the "Edition 30" commemorating the thirty years of the model. The engine 200 hp happened to have 230 and carried on the body special bumpers darkened lenses and two choices of alloy wheels: 18 "" Detroit "painted in black or a BBS" Rockingham " also 18 ". There were approximately about 1500 units.

MkVI Golf GTi (2009-2013)

The Golf MkVI born in early 2009 is known in the jargon as the "5½" because it does not correspond to a real evolution but an improved fifth generation. While there are noticeable changes the platform is the same and mechanical suffered only minor modifications.

He was first under the Paris Salon of 2008 as a prototype although very close to the production model. Retained the same engine of the predecessor the 2.0 TFSI this time its power will reach 211 hp. The most important change in this mechanical focused on increasing the maximum torque passing from 280-350 Nm.

Like the MkV this MkVI ESTBA available with a manual six-speed gearbox or an automatic dual-clutch DSG also sixth. A top speed of 239 km / h and acceleration from 0-100 km / h in 7.2 seconds.

In 2011 the 35th anniversary commemorative edition called "Edition 35" which was characterized by increased engine power (235 hp) the his mirrors painted in black alloy wheels 18 "special light is introduced rear LED special badging and special trim "Interlagos" as the first GTi.

MKVII Golf GTi (2013-)

And finally we come to the last GTi until the seventh. The GTi 7 has the same engine TSI gasoline engine of 2.0 liter earlier but now with 220 horsepower between 4500 and 6200 rpm.

But if that's not enough the brand offers in some markets a variant called GTi Performance climbing power up to 230 hp available between 4700 and 6200 rpm. In both cases the maximum torque is 350 Nm of torque between 1500 and 4400 rpm for normal and 1500 and 4600 laps Performance. As is customary in the model traction will lead.

Aesthetically the GTi 7 has the classic red accents such as calipers or apply the front grille and chrome exhaust outlets circular at the ends of the rear bumper. The tires called "Brooklyn" 17 inch 225/45 R17 tires spoiler LED taillights darkened and a specific front bumper with a larger air inlet are your credentials to differentiate themselves from the Golf range.

If we are going to benefit from this new GTi the "plain" model develops a maximum speed of 246 km / h while the Performance reaches 250 km / h electronically limited while accelerate from 0-100 km / h in 6.5 and 6.4 seconds respectively. The box can be manual or automatic six-speed DSG both.

In turn Volkswagen sells two more variants of the GTi. The first is called GTD with the 2.0 TDI producing 184 horsepower between 3500 and 4000 rpm and 380 Nm of torque available between 1750 to 3250 rpm. With this driver you get the 0-100 in 7.5 seconds and reaches a top speed of 230 km / h. The transmission can be manual or automatic six-speed DSG in both cases.

Golf GTi MkI (1976 1984) Rear View
Golf GTi MkVII 2013
Golf GTi MkI (1976 1984)
Golf GTi MkV (2005 2008)

The second is the GTE first electric version of the GTi. This plug-in-hybrid version features a four-cylinder gasoline engine 1.4 TSI engine able to dispense an output of 150 hp coupled with an electric drive of 102 cv to jointly develop a power of 204 hp and maximum torque of 350 Nm . Thanks to a dual clutch transmission seven-speed DSG the AWG gets a more than respectable figures: 0-100 km / h in 7.6 seconds and a top speed of 217 km / h. for the other reviews about the newest cars visit here.

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Tags: Volkswagen Golf GTi Models. Volkswagen Golf GTi Variant. Volkswagen Golf GTi History. Volkswagen Golf GTi Wallpaper. Volkswagen Golf GTi Specs. Volkswagen Golf GTi Engine. Volkswagen Golf GTi. Volkswagen Golf GTi Photo Gallery.

Volkswagen Golf GTi ModelsGolf GTi MkVII 2013Golf GTi MkVI (2009 2013) Rear ViewGolf GTi MkIV (1997 2004) Rear ViewGolf GTi MkIII (1991 1996)Golf GTi MkIV (1997 2004)Golf GTi MkV (2005 2008) Rear ViewGolf GTi MkI (1976 1984)Golf GTi MkIII (1991 1996) Rear ViewGolf GTi MkI (1976 1984) Rear ViewVolkswagen Golf GTiGolf GTi MkVII 2013 Rear ViewGolf GTi MkII (1984 1990) Rear ViewGolf GTi MkVI (2009 2013)Golf GTi MkII (1984 1990)Golf GTi MkV (2005 2008)
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